Vitamin D is important for blood sugar control, and could lower your risk of diabetes, studies have revealed.
Patients who are deficient in the vital vitamin have a higher risk of developing all types of diabetes, it’s been claimed.
Taking about 25ng/ml of vitamin D could lower your risk of type 2 diabetes by 43 per cent, according to a 2011 US study.
But, between 2,000 and 4,000 International Units (IU) of vitamin D is the optimum amount of lower your risk of the condition, according to nutritionist Franziska Spritzer.
“Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects millions of people worldwide. Uncontrolled cases can cause blindness, kidney failure, heart disease and other serious conditions,” said Spritzler.
“Most health organisations recommend maintaining a vitamin D blood level of at least 30 ng/ml.
“However, for many people, supplementing with 2,000–4,000 IU of vitamin D daily may be necessary to achieve and maintain optimal levels.
“Good food sources of vitamin D include fatty fish and cod liver oil. In addition, sun exposure can increase vitamin D levels in the blood.”
Some herbs may help to increase insulin sensitivity, and reduce the chances of diabetes progression, Spritzler added.
Curcumin has strong anti-inflammatory properties, and could lower the risk of arthritis and diabetes.
Berberine could help to lower blood-sugar, and may be as effective as metformin – a widely used medication for diabetes – said the nutritionist.
Eating a high-fibre diet, cutting down on portion sizes and drinking water as your primary beverage could also lower your risk of diabetes, said Spritzler.
Diabetes is a life-long condition that causes patients’ blood sugar levels to become too high, according to the NHS.
The condition could be caused by the body not properly breaking down glucose into energy.
About 90 per cent of people with diabetes in the UK have type 2 diabetes.
You should visit a GP if you experience any of the main symptoms of diabetes.