Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative condition that affects the brain.
There’s currently no cure for the disease, but some treatments could help to reduce symptoms, and maintain quality of life, the NHS said.
Medication and therapies are all available to Parkinson’s patients, while some may qualify for surgery.
During the early stages of the condition, treatment may not be needed as symptoms are only mild.
“There are several therapies that can make living with Parkinson’s disease easier and help you deal with your symptoms on a day-to-day basis,” said the NHS.
“There are efforts underway to try to increase the availability of these supportive therapies for Parkinson’s patients on the NHS.”
Physiotherapy could help to relieve muscle stiffness and joint pain.
It aims to make movement easier, while improving flexibility and fitness.
Patients often have difficulty swallowing, and problems with their speech, so speech and language therapy may help to improve these.
Medication can be used to reduce the main symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, including tremors and difficulty moving.
Levodopa, dopamine agonists, and monoamine oxidase-B inhibitors are the main medications available.
But, they each have different effects on different people, and the short and long-term effects vary between each medication.
“Your specialist can explain your medication options, including the risks associated with each medication, and discuss which may be best for you,” said the NHS.
Parkinson’s disease can cause involuntary shaking, slow movement and stiff muscles.
Other signs of the condition include loss of smell, memory problems, insomnia and depression.
About one in 500 people are affected by Parkinson’s disease.
In the UK, it’s estimated that 127,000 people have the brain condition.